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Buying BTO Flats

Build-To-Order (BTO) flats are a popular choice for first-time homeowners and those looking to upgrade their living space in Singapore. Managed by the Housing and Development Board (HDB), BTO flats are new flats that are built based on demand. This guide provides a detailed overview of the process of buying BTO flats, including eligibility criteria, the application process, and key considerations.

Key Takeaways

  • BTO flats are new HDB flats built based on demand, with a comprehensive application process.
  • Eligibility criteria include citizenship, age, income ceiling, and family nucleus requirements.
  • Understanding the entire process and planning ahead can increase your chances of securing a BTO flat.

What are BTO Flats?

BTO flats are newly built HDB flats offered for sale before construction begins. These flats are typically located in new towns or estates and are available in various sizes, such as 2-room Flexi, 3-room, 4-room, and 5-room flats. Buyers apply for these flats during specific sales launches, and the flats are built based on the demand received during the application period.

Types of BTO Flats

HDB offers a variety of BTO flats to cater to different family sizes and needs:

  1. 2-Room Flexi Flats: Suitable for singles, young couples, and elderly residents. These flats offer flexible lease durations and are typically 36 to 45 square meters.
  2. 3-Room Flats: Ideal for small families. These flats are about 60 to 65 square meters, providing a comfortable living space for families with one or two children.
  3. 4-Room Flats: Perfect for medium-sized families. These flats are approximately 90 square meters and include three bedrooms.
  4. 5-Room Flats: Designed for larger families. These flats offer around 110 square meters of space, including four bedrooms.

Types of BTO Flats Table

Flat Type Size (Square Meters) Suitable For
2-Room Flexi Flats 36 – 45 sqm Singles, elderly, young couples
3-Room Flats 60 – 65 sqm Small families
4-Room Flats 90 sqm Medium-sized families
5-Room Flats 110 sqm Large families

This table provides an overview of the different types of BTO flats and their suitable occupants.

Eligibility Criteria

To apply for a BTO flat, applicants must meet specific eligibility criteria, which include:

  • Singapore Citizen: At least one applicant must be a Singapore Citizen.
  • Family Nucleus: Must include at least one other Singapore Citizen or Singapore Permanent Resident.
  • Family Nucleus Scheme: Applicants must be at least 21 years old.
  • Single Singapore Citizen Scheme: Singles must be at least 35 years old to buy a 2-room Flexi Flat in a non-mature estate.
Income Ceiling

The total household income must not exceed the income ceiling set for the flat type:

  • 2-Room Flexi Flat: $7,000 per month
  • 3-Room Flat: $14,000 per month
  • 4-Room Flat: $14,000 per month
  • 5-Room and Executive Flats: $21,000 per month
Family Nucleus

Applicants must form a family nucleus, which includes:

  • Married Couple: Husband and wife.
  • Parents and Children: At least one parent and one child.
  • Single Applicants: Singles aged 35 and above can apply under the Single Singapore Citizen Scheme.
  • Orphans Scheme: Siblings who are orphans and are applying together.

Eligibility Criteria Table

Criteria Details
Citizenship At least one Singapore Citizen; includes Singapore Permanent Residents in the family nucleus
Age Minimum 21 years (35 for singles buying 2-Room Flexi Flats)
Income Ceiling Varies by flat type; e.g., $14,000 for 4-Room Flats
Family Nucleus Must include families, couples, or singles buying under specific schemes

This table outlines the primary eligibility criteria required to purchase a BTO flat, ensuring that potential buyers can quickly assess their eligibility.

Grants and Assistance

Various grants and assistance schemes are available to help eligible buyers afford their BTO flats:

Enhanced CPF Housing Grant (EHG)

Provides up to $80,000 based on household income and can be used for both new and resale flats.

Family Grant

Offers up to $50,000 for first-time applicants buying a resale flat, reducing the financial burden on families purchasing their first home.

Proximity Housing Grant (PHG)

Provides up to $30,000 for families purchasing a resale flat near their parents or children, encouraging extended families to live close together for mutual support.

Grants and Assistance Table

Grant/Scheme Benefit Eligibility Criteria
Enhanced CPF Housing Grant Up to $80,000 Based on household income, first-time buyers, new and resale flats
Family Grant Up to $50,000 First-time applicants buying a resale flat
Proximity Housing Grant Up to $30,000 Buying resale flat near parents/children

This table provides a summary of the key grants and assistance schemes available to BTO flat buyers.

Application Process

The process of applying for a BTO flat involves several steps:

  1. Check Eligibility: Ensure you meet all the eligibility criteria.
  2. Apply for a Flat: Submit an application during a BTO sales launch or via HDB’s website.
  3. Participate in the Ballot: Applications are selected through a balloting process. This process is competitive, and not all applicants will be successful.
  4. Select a Flat: If successful in the ballot, you will be invited to select a flat based on the available units.
  5. Sign the Agreement for Lease: Once selected, sign the necessary documents and pay the downpayment.
  6. Wait for Completion: Construction of BTO flats typically takes three to five years.
  7. Collect Keys: Upon completion, collect the keys to your new home.

Application Process Table

Step Description
Check Eligibility Ensure all criteria are met before applying
Apply for a Flat Submit an application during BTO sales launches or online
Participate in Ballot Applications are selected through a balloting process
Select a Flat Successful applicants are invited to choose a flat
Sign Agreement for Lease Sign the lease agreement and pay the downpayment
Wait for Completion Construction of BTO flats typically takes three to five years
Collect Keys Collect the keys to your new flat upon completion

This table outlines the key steps involved in the BTO flat application process, helping potential buyers navigate the procedure.

Key Considerations

When planning to buy a BTO flat, consider the following factors to ensure a smooth process:

  1. Location: The location of the BTO flat is crucial. Consider proximity to your workplace, schools, amenities, and family members.
  2. Flat Size: Choose a flat size that meets your current and future needs. Consider family growth and space requirements.
  3. Budget: Assess your financial situation, including the downpayment, monthly mortgage, and other related costs. Ensure you are within the income ceiling for the flat type you desire.
  4. Waiting Time: Be prepared for the waiting period of three to five years for the construction of BTO flats. Plan your current living arrangements accordingly.
  5. Balloting Chances: The balloting process is competitive. Be aware that you might not get a flat on your first try, and multiple applications may be necessary.


Buying a BTO flat is a significant decision and investment. By understanding the eligibility criteria, application process, and key considerations, you can make an informed decision and increase your chances of securing a BTO flat that meets your needs. Plan ahead, utilize available grants, and consult with HDB advisors to navigate the process smoothly.

Call to Action

Explore your options for BTO flats today. Visit the HDB website for the latest information on BTO sales launches, eligibility criteria, and available grants. Consult with HDB advisors to understand the best options for your needs and take advantage of the assistance schemes to make homeownership more affordable.

This comprehensive guide ensures that potential buyers have all the necessary information to make informed decisions about purchasing a BTO flat, contributing to a secure and comfortable living environment.

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