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HDB Property Resale Process

The resale process for HDB flats in Singapore is a structured procedure that ensures both buyers and sellers have a smooth transaction. Understanding the steps involved can help you navigate the process efficiently, ensuring compliance with HDB regulations and achieving a successful sale. This guide provides a comprehensive overview of the HDB property resale process.


Key Takeaways:

  • The resale process involves several steps, from checking eligibility to completing the sale.
  • Compliance with HDB regulations and documentation requirements is crucial.
  • Proper planning and understanding of the process can help achieve a smooth transaction.

Steps in the HDB Property Resale Process

  1. Check Eligibility:

For Sellers:

  • Ensure that you have met the Minimum Occupation Period (MOP) of 5 years.
  • Verify that there are no outstanding HDB loans or arrears.

Meeting the Minimum Occupation Period (MOP) is a critical first step for sellers. This period ensures that the property has been used as a residence for a specified time before being sold. Additionally, sellers must confirm that all HDB loans are fully paid and that there are no outstanding payments to avoid delays in the resale process.

For Buyers:

  • Ensure you meet the eligibility criteria for purchasing a resale flat.
  • Check if you qualify for any HDB grants and prepare necessary documentation.

Buyers must verify their eligibility to purchase an HDB flat under the various schemes available, such as the Family Scheme or the Single Singapore Citizen Scheme. Additionally, exploring potential grants, like the Enhanced CPF Housing Grant (EHG), can provide significant financial assistance.


A set of images representing financial planning for sellers and buyers of HDB flats in Singapore. The first image shows sellers estimating the selling price of their flat by reviewing recent transactions on a computer, with a chart and neighborhood map visible. The second image features sellers calculating net proceeds from the sale, showing a person subtracting outstanding loans and transaction costs using a calculator and documents. The third image depicts buyers determining their budget, with a couple reviewing financial documents and using a laptop. The fourth image shows a buyer getting an In-Principle Approval (IPA) for a housing loan from a bank or HDB, with a bank officer discussing loan details with the buyer. The fifth image illustrates buyers considering additional costs such as stamp duty, legal fees, and renovation costs, with a checklist and financial documents on a table.


2. Financial Planning:


  • Estimate the selling price of your flat based on recent transactions in your area.
  • Consider any outstanding loans and calculate the net proceeds from the sale.

Accurate pricing is essential for sellers. Research recent transactions of similar flats in your neighborhood to set a competitive and realistic price. Calculate the net proceeds by subtracting any outstanding loans and transaction costs from the selling price to understand your financial position post-sale.


  • Determine your budget and get an In-Principle Approval (IPA) for your housing loan from HDB or a bank.
  • Factor in additional costs such as stamp duty, legal fees, and renovation costs.

Buyers should have a clear understanding of their budget, including the maximum loan amount they can secure. Getting an IPA from a bank or HDB confirms the loan amount you qualify for, streamlining the buying process. Don’t forget to budget for additional costs like stamp duty and potential renovation expenses.


3. Engaging an Agent (Optional):**

Both buyers and sellers can choose to engage a property agent to assist with the transaction. Ensure that the agent is registered with the Council for Estate Agencies (CEA).

While not mandatory, hiring a property agent can be beneficial. Agents provide market insights, help with documentation, and manage negotiations. Ensure your agent is CEA-registered to guarantee professional and ethical service.


4. Valuation and Option to Purchase (OTP):**


  • Engage a licensed valuer to get an official valuation of your flat.
  • Issue the Option to Purchase (OTP) to the buyer upon agreeing on the sale price.

The valuation sets the benchmark for the sale price and helps in negotiations. Once the buyer and seller agree on the price, the seller issues the OTP, a legal document that grants the buyer the right to purchase the flat.


  • Pay the option fee (up to SGD 1,000) to receive the OTP.
  • Submit a valuation request to HDB within 21 days of receiving the OTP.

The option fee secures the OTP, giving buyers the exclusive right to purchase the flat within a specified period. Buyers must also request an official valuation from HDB to confirm the flat’s market value.


5. Exercising the Option to Purchase:**


  • Exercise the OTP by signing it and paying the exercise fee (up to SGD 4,000, minus the option fee).
  • Notify HDB of the exercised OTP within 4 weeks.

Exercising the OTP involves the buyer formally agreeing to purchase the flat by signing the document and paying the exercise fee. This step legally binds both parties to the sale.


6. Resale Application:**

Both parties must submit the resale application to HDB. This can be done online through the HDB Resale Portal.


  • Submit your portion of the application first.
  • Ensure all necessary documents are included, such as the signed OTP and proof of eligibility.

Sellers initiate the resale application process by submitting their part of the application, including all relevant documents. Accurate and complete submission speeds up the verification process.


  • Complete your portion of the application after the seller has submitted theirs.
  • Include necessary documents, such as proof of identity and financing details.

Buyers complete their portion after the seller’s submission. Providing all necessary documents, such as identity proof and financial information, is essential for HDB’s verification.


7. HDB Acknowledgement:

HDB will acknowledge receipt of the application and verify the submitted documents. Both parties will receive an approval letter once the application is verified.

HDB’s acknowledgment marks the start of their verification process, ensuring all documents and information meet their standards. Approval letters confirm that the transaction can proceed to completion.


HDB resale completion appointment in Singapore

8. Attending the Resale Completion Appointment:

Both buyers and sellers must attend the HDB resale completion appointment. During this appointment:

  • The buyer pays the remaining purchase price and any outstanding fees.
  • The seller hands over the keys to the flat.
  • HDB completes the transfer of ownership.

The completion appointment is the final step in the resale process. It involves the official transfer of ownership, the buyer settling the remaining payments, and the seller handing over the keys.


9. Handover and Final Steps:


  • Ensure the flat is in good condition and all agreed items are left behind.
  • Clear any remaining personal items and hand over all keys.

Sellers should ensure the flat is cleaned and all agreed-upon fixtures and fittings are in place. Clearing personal items and preparing for the final handover ensures a smooth transition.


  • Inspect the flat and ensure it is in the agreed condition.
  • Begin any necessary renovations or move in as planned.

Buyers should conduct a final inspection to confirm the flat’s condition. Planning for immediate renovations or move-in arrangements should follow the successful handover.


Detailed Timeline of the Resale Process

Step Description Estimated Timeframe
Eligibility Check Verify eligibility for selling or buying a resale flat 1-2 weeks
Financial Planning Budgeting, loan approval, and financial preparations 1-2 weeks
Engaging an Agent (Optional) Hiring a property agent for assistance 1-2 weeks
Valuation and OTP Valuation of the flat and issuance of OTP 2-3 weeks
Exercising the OTP Buyer exercises the OTP and notifies HDB 1-2 weeks
Resale Application Submission of resale application to HDB 1-2 weeks
HDB Acknowledgement HDB acknowledges receipt and processes application 4-6 weeks
Resale Completion Appointment Final appointment for the transfer of ownership 1 day
Handover and Final Steps Final inspection and handover of the flat 1-2 days
Total Estimated Time Total time from start to completion 3-4 months


Important Considerations

  1. Minimum Occupation Period (MOP): Sellers must ensure they have met the MOP before they can sell their flat. The MOP is typically 5 years, but it may vary depending on the flat type and purchase conditions.

The MOP is a mandatory period during which the owner must physically occupy the flat. This policy prevents speculative buying and ensures that flats are used as intended homes.


  1. HDB Ethnic Integration Policy (EIP) and Singapore Permanent Resident (SPR) Quota: Both buyers and sellers must comply with the EIP and SPR quota policies to ensure a balanced mix of ethnic groups in HDB estates. Check HDB’s website for the latest updates on these policies.

The EIP and SPR quota are designed to promote social cohesion by maintaining a balanced ethnic mix within HDB estates. Buyers and sellers should verify that their transactions comply with these policies to avoid complications.


  1. Stamp Duty: Buyers are required to pay stamp duty based on the purchase price or market value of the flat, whichever is higher. The rates are as follows:
  • 1% for the first SGD 180,000.
  • 2% for the next SGD 180,000.
  • 3% for the remainder.

Stamp duty is a significant cost that buyers must factor into their budget. Calculating this early helps avoid financial surprises.

  1. Legal Fees: Both parties should engage a solicitor to handle the legal aspects of the transaction. Legal fees can vary, so it is advisable to get quotations from multiple law firms.

Solicitors ensure that all legal documents are properly drafted and submitted, providing peace of mind to both parties. Comparing fees from different firms can help manage costs.


  1. Renovation and Moving Costs: Buyers should budget for potential renovation costs and moving expenses. Plan these in advance to avoid any financial strain.

Renovation and moving costs can add up quickly. Planning and budgeting for these expenses early ensures a smoother transition into the new home.



The HDB property resale process involves several steps, each requiring careful attention to detail and compliance with HDB regulations. By understanding the eligibility criteria, financial planning, and necessary documentation, both buyers and sellers can navigate the process smoothly. Engaging professionals, such as property agents and solicitors, can provide valuable assistance and ensure a successful transaction. Proper planning and adherence to the outlined steps will help achieve a seamless and efficient resale experience, leading to a successful transfer of ownership and a new chapter in homeownership. With careful preparation and understanding of the process, both buyers and sellers can achieve their goals and enjoy a smooth transaction.


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