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HDB Property Types in Singapore

In Singapore, the Housing and Development Board (HDB) offers a range of public housing options designed to cater to different needs and preferences. Understanding the various HDB property types can help potential buyers make informed decisions based on their lifestyle, family size, and budget. This guide provides an overview of the different HDB property types available in Singapore.


Key Takeaways:

  • HDB offers various property types, from smaller flats for singles and small families to larger units for extended families.
  • Each property type has unique features and benefits tailored to different needs.
  • Understanding the options available can help buyers choose the right home for their requirements.


Overview of HDB Property Types

  1. 1-Room Flexi Flats: 1-Room Flexi flats are designed to cater to elderly residents and singles. These compact units are ideal for those looking for a simple, low-maintenance living space.
  • Size: Approximately 36 square meters.
  • Features: Open-plan layout with combined living, dining, and sleeping areas.
  • Eligibility: Singles aged 35 and above, elderly residents aged 55 and above.

1-Room Flexi flats are particularly popular among older adults looking for a downsized living space that is easy to manage. These flats often come with elderly-friendly features such as grab bars and non-slip flooring, enhancing safety and convenience.

  1. 2-Room Flexi Flats: 2-Room Flexi flats are suitable for singles, couples, and elderly residents. These units offer a bit more space than 1-room flats and can be tailored to the needs of older residents.
  • Size: Approximately 45-47 square meters.
  • Features: Separate bedroom, living room, and kitchen area. Some units come with elderly-friendly features.
  • Eligibility: Singles aged 35 and above, couples, and elderly residents aged 55 and above.

These flats offer a compact yet comfortable living space, making them ideal for young singles or couples just starting. The flexibility in design allows for adaptations to meet the needs of elderly residents, ensuring a safe and comfortable environment.

  1. 3-Room Flats: 3-Room flats are popular among young couples and small families. These units provide sufficient space for a comfortable living environment.
  • Size: Approximately 60-65 square meters.
  • Features: Two bedrooms, a living/dining area, a kitchen, and one or two bathrooms.
  • Eligibility: Families and singles aged 35 and above.

3-Room flats strike a balance between affordability and space. They are a great option for small families, offering ample room for living and entertaining. These units often come with a flexible layout that can be customized to suit individual preferences.

  1. 4-Room Flats: 4-Room flats are ideal for growing families who need more space. They offer a balance of size and affordability.
  • Size: Approximately 90 square meters.
  • Features: Three bedrooms, a living/dining area, a kitchen, and two bathrooms.
  • Eligibility: Families and singles aged 35 and above.

With three bedrooms and a spacious living area, 4-Room flats provide enough space for families with children. The additional room can be used as a study, guest room, or play area, making these flats versatile and functional.

  1. 5-Room Flats: 5-Room flats provide ample space for larger families or those who prefer more room. These units are suitable for those looking for a more spacious living environment.
  • Size: Approximately 110 square meters.
  • Features: Three bedrooms, a larger living/dining area, a kitchen, and two bathrooms.
  • Eligibility: Families and singles aged 35 and above.

5-Room flats are designed for larger families who need more living space. The generous floor area allows for comfortable living and ample storage, while the larger common areas are perfect for family gatherings and entertaining guests.

  1. Executive Flats: Executive flats are designed for larger households and those who desire more luxurious living spaces. These units offer additional features and larger floor plans.
  • Size: Approximately 130 square meters.
  • Features: Three bedrooms, a study room, a large living/dining area, a kitchen, and two bathrooms.
  • Eligibility: Families and singles aged 35 and above.

Executive flats provide a more luxurious living experience with additional space and amenities. The inclusion of a study room offers flexibility for use as a home office, guest room, or additional bedroom, catering to the needs of larger or multi-generational families.

  1. Executive Maisonettes: Executive Maisonettes are two-story units that provide a house-like living experience. They are ideal for larger families who need more space and privacy.
  • Size: Approximately 140-160 square meters.
  • Features: Bedrooms and bathrooms on both levels, a large living/dining area, a kitchen, and a balcony.
  • Eligibility: Families and singles aged 35 and above.

Executive Maisonettes offer the feel of living in a landed property with the convenience of HDB facilities. The two-story layout provides distinct separation between living and sleeping areas, enhancing privacy and comfort for family members.

  1. Multi-Generation Flats: Multi-Generation flats are designed to accommodate extended families, providing separate living spaces for different generations under one roof.
  • Size: Varies, typically includes two connected units.
  • Features: Separate entrances and living areas for privacy, shared spaces for communal living.
  • Eligibility: Extended families (e.g., parents and married children).

These flats are ideal for families who wish to live close to one another while maintaining their own private spaces. The design promotes intergenerational living, fostering stronger family bonds and support.


A set of five images representing different HDB property types in Singapore as described in the provided article. The first image shows a 1-Room Flexi flat designed for elderly residents and singles, featuring a compact open-plan layout with grab bars and non-slip flooring. The second image depicts a 2-Room Flexi flat with separate bedroom, living room, and kitchen area, suitable for singles, couples, and elderly residents. The third image displays a 3-Room flat ideal for young couples and small families, with two bedrooms, a living/dining area, a kitchen, and one or two bathrooms. The fourth image features a spacious 4-Room flat designed for growing families, with three bedrooms, a living/dining area, a kitchen, and two bathrooms. The fifth image shows an Executive Maisonette, a two-story unit with bedrooms and bathrooms on both levels, a large living/dining area, a kitchen, and a balcony, ideal for larger families seeking more space and privacy.


Detailed Comparison of HDB Property Types

Property Type Size (sq meters) Bedrooms Bathrooms Special Features Eligibility
1-Room Flexi ~36 1 1 Compact layout, combined living/sleeping Singles (35+), elderly (55+)
2-Room Flexi ~45-47 1 1 Separate bedroom, elderly-friendly Singles (35+), couples, elderly (55+)
3-Room ~60-65 2 1-2 Suitable for small families Families, singles (35+)
4-Room ~90 3 2 Balance of size and affordability Families, singles (35+)
5-Room ~110 3 2 Spacious living/dining area Families, singles (35+)
Executive Flat ~130 3 2 Larger living space, study room Families, singles (35+)
Executive Maisonette ~140-160 3+ 2+ Two-story, house-like living Families, singles (35+)
Multi-Generation Varies 4+ 3+ Separate living areas for privacy Extended families (e.g., parents, children)

Tips for Choosing the Right HDB Property Type

  1. Assess Your Needs: Consider your current and future needs when choosing an HDB property type. Think about the size of your household, lifestyle preferences, and any specific requirements you may have, such as accessibility features or additional rooms.

When assessing your needs, consider how long you plan to stay in the flat and how your needs might change over time. For instance, if you plan to start a family, a larger flat might be a better long-term investment.

  1. Budget Considerations: Different HDB property types come with varying price points. Set a realistic budget and consider all related costs, including renovation, maintenance, and monthly mortgage payments.

Budgeting is critical when choosing an HDB flat. Ensure you factor in all costs, including the purchase price, renovation expenses, and ongoing maintenance fees. It’s also wise to consider your financing options and seek pre-approval for your HDB loan to understand your borrowing capacity.

  1. Future Plans: Think about your long-term plans. If you anticipate growing your family or having elderly parents live with you, choosing a larger unit or a multi-generation flat might be more practical.

Long-term planning is essential, especially if you expect significant changes in your household size or lifestyle. A larger flat or one with flexible living spaces can accommodate future needs, such as additional family members or a home office.

  1. Location Preferences: Consider the location of the HDB flat in relation to your work, schools, amenities, and public transportation. Location can significantly impact your daily convenience and overall quality of life.

Location is a crucial factor in real estate. Choose a location that offers convenient access to public transportation, schools, healthcare facilities, and other essential amenities. Proximity to these conveniences can greatly enhance your living experience and the property’s resale value.

  1. Resale Potential: If you plan to sell the property in the future, consider its resale potential. Factors such as location, size, and layout can influence the property’s value and attractiveness to potential buyers.

Resale potential is an important consideration if you might sell your flat in the future. Properties in desirable locations with good amenities and schools tend to appreciate more in value and attract more buyers. Ensure that the flat’s layout and condition are also favorable for future resale.



Detailed Case Studies of HDB Property Types

Case Study 1: Young Couple Choosing a 3-Room Flat

Background: John and Sarah are a young couple planning to buy their first home. They have a moderate budget and are looking for a comfortable living space that offers enough room for future family growth.

Decision Process:

  • They assessed their needs and determined that a 3-room flat would provide adequate space for their current lifestyle and potential future children.
  • They set a budget, considering the costs of purchasing the flat, renovation, and furnishing.
  • They chose a location close to their workplaces and near good schools and amenities.

Outcome: John and Sarah found a 3-room flat that met their needs and budget. They renovated the space to their liking, creating a cozy and functional home that they can grow into.



Case Study 2: Multi-Generation Family Opting for a Multi-Generation Flat

Background: The Tan family consists of Mr. and Mrs. Tan, their two children, and Mr. Tan’s elderly parents. They need a living arrangement that provides privacy and comfort for each generation.

Decision Process:

  • They evaluated their need for separate living spaces to ensure privacy for the elderly parents while maintaining a close family connection.
  • They set a comprehensive budget that included purchasing the flat and making necessary modifications to suit elderly-friendly features.
  • They chose a multi-generation flat in a location with easy access to healthcare facilities and parks for the elderly.

Outcome: The Tan family purchased a multi-generation flat with two connected units. This setup provided separate entrances and living areas, ensuring privacy while maintaining close family ties. The flat’s location and features suited all family members, enhancing their overall quality of life.



Understanding the different HDB property types available in Singapore is essential for making an informed decision that suits your lifestyle and budget. Each type offers unique features and benefits tailored to various needs, from compact 1-room flexi flats for singles to spacious executive maisonettes for larger families. By considering your current and future needs, budget, and location preferences, you can choose the right HDB property type that best fits your requirements. Thoughtful planning and understanding of these options can lead to a comfortable and fulfilling living experience in your new HDB home.

The process begins with the announcement of upcoming BTO projects by HDB, wherein various types of flats are offered in different locations to cater to the diverse needs and preferences of potential homeowners. These projects are meticulously planned to meet the evolving demands of Singapore’s growing population, taking into account factors such as population demographics, infrastructure development, and urban planning initiatives.


Once the BTO projects are announced, eligible buyers can submit their applications during the specified application period, indicating their preferred flat type and location. Upon the close of the application period, HDB conducts a computerized ballot to allocate the available flats to applicants based on factors such as citizenship status, household income, and preferences.


Successful applicants are then invited to select their desired flat units through an online booking system, where they can view floor plans, check unit availability, and confirm their selection. Following the selection process, buyers proceed with the necessary financial arrangements, including securing financing and making the required down payment.


The construction of the BTO flats typically takes a few years to complete, during which HDB ensures adherence to stringent quality standards and timelines. Upon completion, the keys to the newly constructed flats are handed over to the buyers, marking the culmination of their homeownership journey.


In essence, the HDB BTO scheme embodies the government’s commitment to providing affordable and quality housing for Singaporean citizens, empowering them to fulfill their aspirations of homeownership in a sustainable and inclusive manner.



CPF Housing Grants 

CPF Housing Grants serve as invaluable financial assistance for eligible homebuyers, helping to offset the cost of purchasing an HDB flat. These grants are available to Singaporean citizens and aim to make homeownership more accessible and affordable.


  • Definition and Eligibility Requirements: CPF Housing Grants come with specific eligibility criteria, including income ceilings, citizenship status, and other requirements.


  • Types of CPF Housing Grants Available: There are various types of CPF Housing Grants available, each catering to different demographics and housing needs, such as the Family Grant, Enhanced Housing Grant, and Proximity Housing Grant.

HDB Concessionary Loan

The HDB Concessionary Loan is a financing option offered by HDB to eligible buyers purchasing HDB flats. It provides buyers with a loan at a concessionary interest rate, making it a cost-effective option for financing the purchase of an HDB BTO flat.

  • Explanation of HDB Concessionary Loan: The HDB Concessionary Loan offers competitive interest rates and flexible repayment options, making it an attractive financing option for many homebuyers.


  • Eligibility Criteria and Application Process: To qualify for the HDB Concessionary Loan, buyers must meet certain eligibility criteria and submit their loan application through the HDB portal or at an HDB branch.


  • Interest Rates and Repayment Options: The loan comes with fixed interest rates and various repayment options, allowing buyers to choose a plan that best suits their financial situation.

Bank Loans for HDB BTO

In addition to the HDB Concessionary Loan, homebuyers can also opt for bank loans to finance their HDB BTO flat purchase. While bank loans offer flexibility and customization options, they come with different terms and conditions compared to HDB loans.

  • Comparison of Bank Loans vs. HDB Concessionary Loan: Bank loans offer competitive interest rates and may be more suitable for certain buyers, depending on their financial circumstances and preferences.


  • Eligibility Requirements for Bank Loans: Bank loans have their own set of eligibility criteria, which may vary depending on the bank and loan package.


  • Interest Rates and Repayment Terms: Bank loans come with varying interest rates and repayment terms, allowing buyers to choose a plan that aligns with their financial goals and capabilities.



Additional Financing Options

Apart from CPF Housing Grants and HDB Concessionary Loans, homebuyers may explore other financing options to supplement their home purchase.

  • Public Housing Mortgage Loan: Offered by financial institutions, public housing mortgage loans provide additional financing for eligible homebuyers.


  • Personal Loans for Down Payment: Some buyers may consider taking out personal loans to cover the down payment or other expenses associated with purchasing an HDB BTO flat.



choosing the right financing option is a crucial step in the journey towards homeownership. By understanding the various financing options available for HDB BTO flats and assessing their individual financial circumstances, buyers can make informed decisions that align with their long-term goals and aspirations.


Summary of Key Points

  • CPF Housing Grants and HDB Concessionary Loans are key financing options available for HDB BTO flat purchases.


  • Bank loans offer flexibility and customization options but come with different terms and conditions compared to HDB loans.


  • Additional financing options such as public housing mortgage loans and personal loans may also be considered to supplement home purchases.


Recommendations for Choosing the Right Financing Option

  • Evaluate your financial situation and long-term goals before choosing a financing option.


  • Consider factors such as eligibility criteria, interest rates, repayment terms, and flexibility when comparing financing options.


  • Seek advice from financial experts or HDB representatives to make an informed decision that best suits your needs.

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