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Understanding HDB Flat Types

Housing and Development Board (HDB) flats are an essential part of Singapore’s public housing system, offering a variety of options to cater to different needs and family sizes. This guide explores the different types of HDB flats available, helping potential buyers make informed decisions based on their requirements.

Key Takeaways

  • HDB offers a range of flat types suitable for singles, couples, and families.
  • Each flat type comes with specific features and sizes to meet diverse needs.
  • Understanding the characteristics of each flat type helps in making an informed decision.

Types of HDB Flats

HDB provides several flat types, each designed to offer a comfortable and practical living environment. These include Studio Apartments, 2-Room Flexi Flats, 3-Room Flats, 4-Room Flats, 5-Room Flats, and Executive Flats. Let’s explore each type in detail.

Studio Apartments

Studio Apartments are designed primarily for elderly citizens. These flats are compact and easy to maintain, making them ideal for seniors who prefer a simpler living space. They come with senior-friendly features like grab bars and non-slip flooring.

  • Size: 36 – 45 square meters
  • Suitable For: Elderly citizens
  • Key Features: Senior-friendly features, easy maintenance
2-Room Flexi Flats

2-Room Flexi Flats are popular among singles, young couples, and elderly residents. These flats offer flexibility in lease duration, ranging from 15 to 99 years, making them suitable for different life stages and financial plans.

  • Size: 36 – 45 square meters
  • Suitable For: Singles, elderly, young couples
  • Key Features: Flexible lease durations, compact living space
3-Room Flats

3-Room Flats are suitable for small families. They provide more space than 2-room flats, typically including a living room, kitchen, bathroom, and two bedrooms. These flats offer a comfortable living environment for families with one or two children.

  • Size: 60 – 65 square meters
  • Suitable For: Small families
  • Key Features: Two bedrooms, living room, kitchen
4-Room Flats

4-Room Flats are ideal for medium-sized families. With a larger living area, these flats typically include a living room, kitchen, bathroom, and three bedrooms. The additional space allows for greater flexibility in furniture arrangement and more comfortable living.

  • Size: 90 square meters
  • Suitable For: Medium-sized families
  • Key Features: Three bedrooms, larger living space
5-Room Flats

5-Room Flats are designed for larger families. They offer more extensive living space, typically including a living room, kitchen, bathroom, and four bedrooms. These flats provide ample space for families with multiple children or extended family members.

  • Size: 110 square meters
  • Suitable For: Large families
  • Key Features: Four bedrooms, ample space
Executive Flats

Executive Flats are the largest HDB flats available. They offer extensive living space and additional rooms, making them suitable for very large families or those who require extra space for home offices or hobby rooms.

  • Size: 130 square meters
  • Suitable For: Very large families, extra space needed
  • Key Features: Extensive living space, additional rooms

HDB Flat Types and Sizes Table

Flat Type Size (Square Meters) Suitable For Key Features
Studio Apartments 36 – 45 sqm Elderly citizens Senior-friendly features
2-Room Flexi Flats 36 – 45 sqm Singles, elderly, young couples Flexible lease durations
3-Room Flats 60 – 65 sqm Small families Two bedrooms, living room, kitchen
4-Room Flats 90 sqm Medium-sized families Three bedrooms, larger living space
5-Room Flats 110 sqm Large families Four bedrooms, ample space
Executive Flats 130 sqm Very large families, extra space needed Extensive living space, additional rooms

This table provides a clear overview of the different types of HDB flats, their sizes, and their suitability for various family sizes and needs.

Choosing the Right HDB Flat

When choosing an HDB flat, consider the following factors to determine which type best suits your needs:

  1. Family Size: Larger families will benefit from the extra space in 4-room, 5-room, or Executive Flats, while singles and couples might find 2-room Flexi Flats more suitable.
  2. Future Plans: Think about future family growth or changes in living arrangements. Young couples planning to start a family might prefer 3-room or 4-room flats.
  3. Budget: Assess your financial capacity and consider the price range of each flat type.
  4. Lifestyle Needs: Consider your lifestyle and space requirements. If you need a home office or extra storage, Executive Flats might be ideal.
  5. Location: The availability and price of different flat types can vary by location, so consider the proximity to work, schools, and amenities.

Pricing of HDB Flats

The prices of HDB flats vary based on factors such as location, size, and market conditions. Below is a general overview of the price ranges for different types of HDB flats.

HDB Flat Prices Table

Flat Type Price Range (SGD) Factors Influencing Price
Studio Apartments $100,000 – $150,000 Location, floor level, amenities
2-Room Flexi Flats $100,000 – $200,000 Lease duration, location, floor level
3-Room Flats $250,000 – $400,000 Location, age of flat, proximity to amenities
4-Room Flats $350,000 – $600,000 Location, age of flat, floor level, view
5-Room Flats $450,000 – $800,000 Location, floor level, proximity to transport
Executive Flats $600,000 – $1,000,000 Location, size, additional features

This table provides a general price range for different types of HDB flats and highlights the factors influencing these prices.

Eligibility Criteria

To purchase an HDB flat, buyers must meet specific eligibility criteria, which include citizenship, age, income ceiling, and family nucleus requirements.


At least one applicant must be a Singapore Citizen, and the family nucleus must include at least one other Singapore Citizen or Singapore Permanent Resident.


Applicants must be at least 21 years old. For singles buying a 2-Room Flexi Flat, the minimum age is 35 years.

Income Ceiling

The total household income must not exceed the income ceiling set for the flat type. For example, the income ceiling for a 4-room flat is currently $14,000 per month.

Family Nucleus

Applicants must form a family nucleus, which includes families, couples, or singles buying under specific schemes. This ensures that flats are allocated to households in need of housing.

Eligibility Criteria Table

Criteria Details
Citizenship At least one Singapore Citizen; includes Singapore Permanent Residents in the family nucleus
Age Minimum 21 years (35 for singles buying 2-Room Flexi Flats)
Income Ceiling Varies by flat type; e.g., $14,000 for 4-Room Flats
Family Nucleus Must include families, couples, or singles buying under specific schemes

This table outlines the primary eligibility criteria required to purchase an HDB flat, ensuring that potential buyers can quickly assess their eligibility.

Grants and Schemes

To make HDB flats more affordable, several grants and schemes are available to potential buyers:

Additional CPF Housing Grant (AHG)

Provides up to $40,000 for lower-income households purchasing their first flat. This grant helps reduce the financial burden on first-time buyers with limited income.

Special CPF Housing Grant (SHG)

Offers up to $40,000 for lower-income households buying a new flat in non-mature estates. This grant encourages buyers to consider homes in developing areas, helping to spread out demand.

Enhanced CPF Housing Grant (EHG)

Provides up to $80,000 based on household income. This grant can be used for both new and resale flats, making homeownership more affordable for a broader range of income levels.

Grants and Schemes Table

Grant/Scheme Benefit Eligibility Criteria
Additional CPF Housing Grant Up to $40,000 for lower-income households First-time buyers, income ceiling
Special CPF Housing Grant Up to $40,000 for buying in non-mature estates Lower-income households, new flats in non-mature estates
Enhanced CPF Housing Grant Up to $80,000 based on household income First-time buyers, income ceiling, new and resale flats

This table summarizes the key grants and schemes available to HDB flat buyers, highlighting the benefits and eligibility criteria for each.

Application Process

The process of applying for an HDB flat involves several steps:

  1. Check Eligibility: Ensure that you meet all the eligibility criteria.
  2. Apply for a Flat: Submit an application during a sales launch or via HDB’s website.
  3. Participate in the Ballot: Applications are selected through a balloting process.
  4. Select a Flat: If successful, you will be invited to select a flat.
  5. Sign the Agreement for Lease: Once selected, sign the necessary documents and pay the downpayment.
  6. Collect Keys: Upon completion, collect the keys to your new home.

Application Process Table

Step Description
Check Eligibility Ensure all criteria are met before applying
Apply for a Flat Submit an application during sales launches or online
Participate in Ballot Applications are selected through a balloting process
Select a Flat Successful applicants are invited to choose a flat
Sign Agreement Sign the lease agreement and pay the downpayment
Collect Keys Collect the keys to your new flat upon completion

This table provides a clear overview of the steps involved in the HDB flat application process, helping potential buyers navigate the procedure.


HDB flats are an integral part of Singapore’s housing landscape, offering a range of affordable options for various household needs. By understanding the types of flats available, eligibility criteria, pricing, and available grants, potential buyers can make informed decisions about their housing options. Whether you are a first-time buyer or looking to downsize, HDB flats provide a variety of choices to suit your lifestyle and budget.

Call to Action

Explore your options for HDB flats today. Visit the HDB website for the latest information on sales launches and eligibility criteria. Consult with HDB advisors to understand the best options for your needs and take advantage of available grants to make homeownership more affordable.

This comprehensive guide ensures that potential buyers have all the necessary information to make informed decisions about purchasing an HDB flat, contributing to a secure and comfortable living environment.

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