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Understanding HDB Flats: An Essential Guide

Housing and Development Board (HDB) flats are a cornerstone of Singapore’s public housing system, providing affordable and quality housing for the majority of Singaporeans. This guide will explore the various aspects of HDB flats, including types, eligibility, pricing, and grants available to potential buyers.

Key Takeaways

  • HDB flats are available in various types and sizes to suit different needs.
  • Eligibility criteria and application processes ensure fair distribution.
  • Numerous grants are available to make homeownership more affordable.

Types of HDB Flats

HDB offers a range of flat types to cater to different family sizes and needs. These include Studio Apartments, 2-Room Flexi Flats, 3-Room Flats, 4-Room Flats, 5-Room Flats, and Executive Flats. Each type is designed to provide a comfortable living environment with modern amenities.

Studio Apartments

Designed for elderly citizens, studio apartments are compact and easy to maintain. They come with senior-friendly features like grab bars and non-slip flooring. These apartments typically range from 36 to 45 square meters.

2-Room Flexi Flats

These flats are popular among singles and elderly residents. They offer flexibility in lease duration, ranging from 15 to 99 years, and come in sizes of 36 and 45 square meters. The flexibility makes them an attractive option for different life stages and needs.

3-Room Flats

Suitable for small families, these flats offer more space, typically around 60 to 65 square meters. They include a living room, kitchen, bathroom, and two bedrooms, providing a comfortable living space for families with one or two children.

4-Room Flats

These flats are ideal for medium-sized families. With an average size of 90 square meters, they include a living room, kitchen, bathroom, and three bedrooms. The additional space allows for more flexibility in furniture arrangement and living comfort.

5-Room Flats

These flats are designed for larger families, offering around 110 square meters of space. They come with a living room, kitchen, bathroom, and four bedrooms, providing ample space for families with multiple children or extended family members.

Executive Flats

Executive flats are the largest HDB flats, typically around 130 square meters. They offer extensive living space and additional rooms, making them suitable for large families or those who require extra space for home offices or hobby rooms.

HDB Flat Types and Sizes Table

Flat Type Size (Square Meters) Suitable For Key Features
Studio Apartments 36 – 45 sqm Elderly citizens Senior-friendly features
2-Room Flexi Flats 36 – 45 sqm Singles, elderly Flexible lease durations
3-Room Flats 60 – 65 sqm Small families Two bedrooms, living room, kitchen
4-Room Flats 90 sqm Medium-sized families Three bedrooms, larger living space
5-Room Flats 110 sqm Large families Four bedrooms, ample space
Executive Flats 130 sqm Very large families, extra space needed Extensive living space, additional rooms

This table provides a clear overview of the different types of HDB flats, their sizes, and their suitability for various family sizes and needs.

Eligibility Criteria

To purchase an HDB flat, buyers must meet specific eligibility criteria, which include citizenship, age, income ceiling, and family nucleus requirements.


At least one applicant must be a Singapore Citizen, and the family nucleus must include at least one other Singapore Citizen or Singapore Permanent Resident.


Applicants must be at least 21 years old. For singles buying a 2-Room Flexi Flat, the minimum age is 35 years.

Income Ceiling

The total household income must not exceed the income ceiling set for the flat type. For example, the income ceiling for a 4-room flat is currently $14,000 per month.

Family Nucleus

Applicants must form a family nucleus, which includes families, couples, or singles buying under specific schemes. This ensures that flats are allocated to households in need of housing.

Eligibility Criteria Table

Criteria Details
Citizenship At least one Singapore Citizen; includes Singapore Permanent Residents in the family nucleus
Age Minimum 21 years (35 for singles buying 2-Room Flexi Flats)
Income Ceiling Varies by flat type; e.g., $14,000 for 4-Room Flats
Family Nucleus Must include families, couples, or singles buying under specific schemes

This table outlines the primary eligibility criteria required to purchase an HDB flat, ensuring that potential buyers can quickly assess their eligibility.

Pricing of HDB Flats

The prices of HDB flats vary based on factors such as location, size, and market conditions. Below is a general overview of the price ranges for different types of HDB flats.

HDB Flat Prices Table

Flat Type Price Range (SGD) Factors Influencing Price
Studio Apartments $100,000 – $150,000 Location, floor level, amenities
2-Room Flexi Flats $100,000 – $200,000 Lease duration, location, floor level
3-Room Flats $250,000 – $400,000 Location, age of flat, proximity to amenities
4-Room Flats $350,000 – $600,000 Location, age of flat, floor level, view
5-Room Flats $450,000 – $800,000 Location, floor level, proximity to transport
Executive Flats $600,000 – $1,000,000 Location, size, additional features

This table provides a general price range for different types of HDB flats and highlights the factors influencing these prices.

Grants and Schemes

To make HDB flats more affordable, several grants and schemes are available to potential buyers:

Additional CPF Housing Grant (AHG)

Provides up to $40,000 for lower-income households purchasing their first flat. This grant helps reduce the financial burden on first-time buyers with limited income.

Special CPF Housing Grant (SHG)

Offers up to $40,000 for lower-income households buying a new flat in non-mature estates. This grant encourages buyers to consider homes in developing areas, helping to spread out demand.

Enhanced CPF Housing Grant (EHG)

Provides up to $80,000 based on household income. This grant can be used for both new and resale flats, making homeownership more affordable for a broader range of income levels.

Grants and Schemes Table

Grant/Scheme Benefit Eligibility Criteria
Additional CPF Housing Grant Up to $40,000 for lower-income households First-time buyers, income ceiling
Special CPF Housing Grant Up to $40,000 for buying in non-mature estates Lower-income households, new flats in non-mature estates
Enhanced CPF Housing Grant Up to $80,000 based on household income First-time buyers, income ceiling, new and resale flats

This table summarizes the key grants and schemes available to HDB flat buyers, highlighting the benefits and eligibility criteria for each.

Application Process

The process of applying for an HDB flat involves several steps:

  1. Check Eligibility: Ensure that you meet all the eligibility criteria.
  2. Apply for a Flat: Submit an application during a sales launch or via HDB’s website.
  3. Participate in the Ballot: Applications are selected through a balloting process.
  4. Select a Flat: If successful, you will be invited to select a flat.
  5. Sign the Agreement for Lease: Once selected, sign the necessary documents and pay the downpayment.
  6. Collect Keys: Upon completion, collect the keys to your new home.

Application Process Table

Step Description
Check Eligibility Ensure all criteria are met before applying
Apply for a Flat Submit an application during sales launches or online
Participate in Ballot Applications are selected through a balloting process
Select a Flat Successful applicants are invited to choose a flat
Sign Agreement Sign the lease agreement and pay the downpayment
Collect Keys Collect the keys to your new flat upon completion

This table provides a clear overview of the steps involved in the HDB flat application process, helping potential buyers navigate the procedure.


HDB flats are an integral part of Singapore’s housing landscape, offering a range of affordable options for various household needs. By understanding the types of flats available, eligibility criteria, pricing, and available grants, potential buyers can make informed decisions about their housing options. Whether you are a first-time buyer or looking to downsize, HDB flats provide a variety of choices to suit your lifestyle and budget.

Call to Action

Explore your options for HDB flats today. Visit the HDB website for the latest information on sales launches and eligibility criteria. Consult with HDB advisors to understand the best options for your needs and take advantage of available grants to make homeownership more affordable.

This comprehensive guide ensures that potential buyers have all the necessary information to make informed decisions about purchasing an HDB flat, contributing to a secure and comfortable living environment.

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